Future Value Calculator

Use this FV calculator to easily calculate the future value (FV) of an investment of any kind. A versatile tool allowing for period additions or withdrawals (cash inflows and outflows).

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Using the future value calculator

This calculator can help you calculate the future value of an investment or deposit given an initial investment amount, the nominal annual interest rate and the compounding period. Optionally, you can specify periodic contributions or withdrawals and how often these are expected to occur.

The output of the FV calculator consists of:

  • the final value of your investment
  • the present value (PV) of your investment
  • total interest accrued, effective interest rate, capital growth, and more

What is "Future value"?

Future value represents the value of a given investment at a specified point in the future, assuming that you are able to grow it at a given rate and accounting for compounding, contributions or withdrawals, and when they happen. It is useful when you want to estimate the pay off from a given investment which could be a deposit, a business project, stock market portfolio, investment fund, etc.

Using the future value calculator can help you plan and allocate resources more intelligently. Knowing the future value can help you decide between investing one way or another, or spending the money now. Like any other mathematical model, future value calculation has assumptions whose violation leads to inaccurate results. Most importantly, it assumes a steady rate of return. The result also depends on the accuracy of the predicted interest rate - even small discrepancies here can result in relatively large difference in actual results due to the compounding effect.

It should also be noted that the future value calculated is nominal: it doesn't take into account inflation or other factors that might affect the actual value of money in the future.

Future value formula

The basic future value can be calculated using the formula:

future value

where FV is the future value of the asset or investment, PV is the present or initial value (not to be confused with PV which is calculated backwards from the FV), r is the Annual interest rate (not compounded, not APY) in decimal, t is the time in years, and n is the number of compounding periods per unit t.

This simple equation is what drives our future value calculator as well.

Financial caution

This is an online future value calculator which is a good starting point in estimating the future value of an investment and the capital growth you can expect from a bank deposit or a similar investment, but is by no means the end of such a process. You should always consult a qualified professional when making important financial decisions and long-term agreements, such as long-term bank deposits. Use the information provided by the calculator critically and at your own risk.

Cite this calculator & page

If you'd like to cite this online calculator resource and information as provided on the page, you can use the following citation:
Georgiev G.Z., "Future Value Calculator", [online] Available at: https://www.gigacalculator.com/calculators/future-value-calculator.php URL [Accessed Date: 31 Mar, 2020].