What Dog Breeds Have Blue Eyes?

Blue eyed collie looking off in the distance

There are some dog breeds that come to mind when we think of dogs breeds with blue eyes, such as huskies and shepherds. But, what about other blue-eyed dog breeds? And, why are some dog breeds more likely to have this recessive trait than others? 

Let’s find out.

What Dog Breeds Have Blue Eyes?

The most common breeds of dogs to have blue eyes are: 

  • Siberian Huskies
  • Australian Shepards
  • Weimaraner 
  • Border Collies
  • Dachshund

What Are Some Reasons Dogs Have Blue Eyes?

The merle pattern in dogs is generally a good indicator that the dog may have blue eyes. This is a pattern on a dog’s coat that is irregular; so, you won’t see a dominant color on the coat. The most common breeds of dogs that have the merle pattern are the Australian shepherd and the Catahoula leopard dog. If you’ve seen these dogs before, then there’s a chance their interesting fur color might have drawn you in, but it could have also been their blue eyes. 

Another coat-related indicator for a blue eyed pup is the piebald pattern.The piebald pattern refers to white, pigmentless spots on an animal. Dogs that we see with this type of pattern include beagles, Irish setters, and yorkies. 

While these patterns are great indicators of eye color, dogs with these genes can sometimes come with health risks.

Health Risks Associated With Blue Eyed Dogs

As we know, it is more likely to see dogs with blue eyes if they have the merle or piebald patterns, but while the blue eyes can be striking, it doesn’t come without its fair share of health risks. 

The Merle Pattern

Health conditions are more common if two dogs with a merle pattern mate with one another. It is recommended that if people are breeding dogs, they are paired with one merle and one non-merle. If two merle dogs were to mate and produce offspring, the chances of being deaf and/or having limited vision or blindness would increase. 

The same genes that lead to the lack of pigment resulting in blue eyed dogs also lead to the health conditions associated with limited vision or hearing that can be seen with merle patterned dogs.

The Piebald Pattern

Similar to merle, dogs with piebald patterns might be more likely to be deaf or hard-of-hearing. The gene that suppresses the pigmentation of coloring both on a dog’s coat, and their eyes, also leads to the hairs in the inner ear to not develop completely—leading to deafness. 

Wondering about your chances of getting a multicolored dog? Try out our Random Color Generator.  

Blue eyed husky in the snow

Dog Breeds With Blue Eyes

Just like with humans, dogs who have blue eyes possess the recessive trait. And, their blue eyes aren’t even blue; it’s actually just a lack of pigment. 

The most common dog that has those baby-blues is the Siberian husky. But, other dogs can possess these blue eyes as well. While there are some breeds that are more likely to have blue eyes, others sometimes end up with blue eyes due to a genetic mutation. 

Siberian Huskies With Blue Eyes

A Siberian husky’s eye color can range from blue, brown, to even one of each.

Researchers have looked at more than 6,000 DNA samples of dogs—including Siberian huskies—to determine the cause of their blue eyes. These researchers concluded that there is a mutation that is strongly associated with many Siberian huskies having those unforgettable blue eyes. 

Border Collies With Blue Eyes

Border collies—originally bred as English herding dogs—most commonly have a brown eye color, but they are still a breed that has a higher chance of having blue eyes and can even end up with one blue eye and one brown or black eye. This condition is known as heterochromia, which causes the irises to be different colors. It’s common within some breeds of dogs, cats, horses and as well as humans. Heterochromia is a genetic condition that gets passed down from parent to offspring. 

Weimaraners With Blue Eyes 

Weimaraners are medium-sized gray dogs, originally used for hunting. Their eyes range in colors from amber to gray or blue-gray. Most Weimaraners are born with blue eyes. But, as they grow, their melanin increases and by six months their eyes have reached the color they’ll remain. 

Green Eyed Dogs

Wondering about a green eyed dog? 

There are two breeds where green eyes are frequently seen: the pomeranian husky and the American pitbull terrier. Just like the color of their coats, pit bulls eye color can have a wide variety as well. 

Should I Get a Dog With Blue Eyes?

All puppies are born with blue eyes, so if you adopt or foster a puppy, you’ll have a blue-eyed pup for at least a little while. And, while dogs are certainly different than humans, we do have traits that we share—right down to eye color. But remember, a blue-eyed dog or not, they’re only with us for a short amount of time. Take a look at the Dog Years Calculator to see how old they would be in human years. 

This entry was posted in Lifestyle, Science and tagged . By Emily DiFabio